The name William Adolphe Bouguereau is known to almost everyone. The king admired the artist and they spent intimate times together. View William-Adolphe Bouguereau’s 744 artworks on artnet. As was typical of such commissions, he would sometimes paint in his own style, and at other times conform to an existing group style. William also worked as a shop assistant, hand-colouring lithographs and making small paintings that were reproduced using chromolithography. His paintings are characterized by their incredibly smooth surfaces and the masterfully executed human anatomy, with particular attention to the female body. There he met a local artist, Charles Marionneau, and commenced at the Municipal School of Drawing and Painting in November 1841. Bouguereau received many honors from the Academy: he became a Life Member in 1876; received the Grand Medal of Honour in 1885;[17] was appointed Commander of the Legion of Honor in 1885; and was made Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour in 1905. Title is " La lecon " Artist is W. Bouguereau. Soon after work began there were riots in Paris, and Bouguereau enrolled in the National Guard. Paul died at his father's house in April 1900, aged 32; Bouguereau had outlived four of his five children, only Henriette outlived him. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: [wiljam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Eight days later, Jeanne died from tuberculosis. To supplement his formal training in drawing, he attended anatomical dissections and studied historical costumes and archeology. He had an elder brother, Alfred, and a younger sister, Marie (known as Hanna), who died when she was seven. On 19 August 1905, aged 79, Bouguereau died in La Rochelle from heart disease. More recently, resurgence in the artist's popularity has been promoted by American collector Fred Ross, who owns a number of paintings by Bouguereau and features him on his website at Art Renewal Center. Bouguereau employed traditional methods of working up a painting, including detailed pencil studies and oil sketches, and his careful method resulted in a pleasing and accurate rendering of the human form. Notre Dame des Anges ("Our Lady of the Angels") was last shown publicly in the United States at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago in 1893. She died on 3 April 1877, and baby Maurice died two months later. Bouguereau confessed in 1891 that the direction of his mature work was largely a response to the marketplace: "What do you expect, you have to follow public taste, and the public only buys what it likes. Here he was taught to draw and paint by Louis Sage, who had studied under Ingres. [16] For example, Nymphs and Satyr was purchased first by John Wolfe, then sold by his heiress Catharine Lorillard Wolfe to hotelier Edward Stokes, who displayed it in New York City's Hoffman House Hotel. William Bouguereau, a world-renowned painter, lived from 1825 to 1905. In the same year a major exhibition was organized by the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in Canada. (208.3 x 109.2 cm.) Bouguereau reluctantly left his studies to return to his family, now residing in Bordeaux. "[22], In the spring of 1905, Bouguereau's house and studio in Paris were burgled. A third child, Jeanne, was born 25 December 1861. He was admitted to the studio of François-Édouard Picot, where he studied painting in the academic style. Academic painting placed the highest status on historical and mythological subjects and Bouguereau won the coveted Prix de Rome at age 26 in 1850, with his Zenobia Found by Shepherds on the Banks of the Araxes. Print has a " ghost impression " on back consistent with the inks used on front, and this is normal for a print of this age using darker inks. William-Adolphe Bouguereau Biography. For biographical notes and earlier works by Bouguereau see Part 1. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. In an 1872 letter, Degas wrote that he strove to emulate Bouguereau's ordered and productive working style, although with Degas' famous trenchant wit, and the aesthetic tendencies of the Impressionists, it is possible the statement was meant to be ironic. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. [5], Bouguereau’s career was nearly a direct ascent with hardly a setback. When the stay was prolonged, the artist found a room in which to paint. He was revered in the town of his birth and undertook decorating commissions from local citizens. Still based in Rome and working hard on course work, there were more explorations of Italy in 1852. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. However, he used to sign his works simply as William Bouguereau (hinting "William" was his given name, whatever the order), or more precisely as "" (French alphabet) and later as "W-BOVGVEREAV-date" (Latin alphabet). [7] He walked to Naples and on to Capri, Amalfi and Pompeii. In 1856, the Ministry of State for Fine Arts commissioned him to paint Emperor Napoleon III Visiting the Victims of the Tarascon Flood. Without the sun to illuminate his canvas he was depressed when he could do nought but wait. It resulted in his commercial and financial success and Bouguereau died a very rich man in 1905. Most art historians now consider him a romantic realist. He had an elder brother, Alfred, and a younger sister, Marie (known as Hanna), who died when she was seven. He was happy to undertake other commissions to pay off the debts accrued in Italy and to help his penniless mother. The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. In May 1878 the Paris Universal Exhibition opened to showcase French work. Berkin Arts William Adolphe Bouguereau Giclee Art Paper Print Art Works Paintings Poster Reproduction(First Kiss) #XZZ. Here the boy met a local artist, Charles Marionneau, and commenced at the Municipal School of Drawing and Painting in November, 1841. Recognizing his talent and after being encouraged by a friend, his father took him to the Paris-based Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He married his most famous pupil, Elizabeth Jane Gardner, after the death of his first wife. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter, best known for his realist depictions of the human figure set within Neoclassical and rustic settings. Nelly had a fifth child in 1876, Maurice, but her health was declining and the doctors suspected that she had contracted tuberculosis. Bouguereau spent the rest of his life here and at La Rochelle. Academic painting placed the highest status on historical and mythological subjects, and Bouguereau determined to win the Prix de Rome, which would gain him a three-year residence at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy, where in addition to formal lessons he could study first-hand the Renaissance artists and their masterpieces, as well as Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities. 86. William Adolphe Bouguereau 431 artworks French Academic Classical painter, teacher, frescoist and draftsman Born 1825 - Died 1905 Born in La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France) Died in La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France) From the early 1870s, he and his family spent every summer in La Rochelle. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French academic painter. Although he had a strong admiration for all traditional art, he particularly revered Greek sculpture, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Rubens and Delacroix. Bouguereau found and borrowed twelve of his paintings from their owners, including his new work Nymphaeum.[5]. All were unsigned and only one has been traced. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1832. At the age of 12, Bouguereau went to Mortagne to stay with his uncle Eugène, a priest and developed a love of nature, religion and literature. Bouguereau entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1846 and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1850. In April 1854, he left Rome and returned to La Rochelle. At the time, his paintings were considered far too idealistic to be grouped seriously into the realist category. Their first child, Henriette, was born in April 1857; Georges was born in January 1859. Here he was taught to draw and paint by Louis Sage who had studied under Ingres. [5], Bouguereau became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts. Artist: William Bouguereau (French, La Rochelle 1825–1905 La Rochelle) Date: 1871. Degas and his associates used the term "Bouguereauté" in a derogatory manner to describe any artistic style reliant on "slick and artificial surfaces",[23] also known as a licked finish. [5], When Bouguereau arrived in Paris in March 1846, he resided at the Hotel Corneille at 5 rue Corneille. Although Bouguereau spent most of his life in Paris, he returned to La Rochelle again and again throughout his professional life. His uncle supported him and offered him jobs to create portraits for parishioners. However, he died on 19 June 1875. The idealized world of his paintings brought to life goddesses, nymphs, bathers, shepherdesses, and madonnas in a way that appealed to wealthy art patrons of the era. He received the Legion of Honour on 12 July 1859. In the 1980s, a revival of interest in figure painting led to a rediscovery of Bouguereau and his work. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825–1905) York Museums Trust (b La Rochelle, 30 Nov. 1825; d La Rochelle, 19 Aug. 1905). From Clark Art Institute, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Nymphs and Satyr (1873), Oil on canvas, 102 1/2 × 72 in His reward was a three-year residence at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy, where in addition to formal lessons he was able to study first-hand the Renaissance artists and their masterpieces, as well as Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities. Yet, as we shall see, it was he who single handedly opened the French academies to women, and it was he who was arguably the grea… The family was installed in 1868, together with five servants and with his mother, Adeline, visiting daily. Artist William Adolphe Bouguereau Title The Bathers Origin France Date 1884 Medium Oil on canvas Inscriptions Inscribed lower left: W. Bouguereau 1884 Dimensions 200.7 × 128.9 cm (79 × 50 3/4 in.) Credit Line: Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887. [30] In 1984, the Borghi Gallery hosted a commercial show of 23 oil paintings and one drawing. During his career, at least, an astounding 822 paintings had been produced by his hand; making Bouguereau one of the most productive classical artists who ever lived. [14], Bouguereau received many commissions to decorate private houses and public buildings, and, early on, this added to his prestige and fame. He decorated a mansion with nine large paintings of allegorical figures. As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. A Portrait of Eug ne Bouguereau William-Adolphe Bouguereau • 1850 Dante and Virgil William-Adolphe Bouguereau • 1850 Lidylle William-Adolphe Bouguereau • 1850 $9.99 $ 9. By this time, Bouguereau was turning away from history painting and lengthy commissions to work on more personal paintings, with realistic and rustic themes. Soon after Nelly's death, she made Bouguereau swear he would not remarry within her lifetime. His painting of skin, hands, and feet was particularly admired. Credit Line A. Nymphs and Satyr (French: Nymphes et un satyre) is a painting, oil on canvas, created by artist William-Adolphe Bouguereau in 1873.. Nymphs and Satyr was exhibited in Paris at the 1873 Salon, which opened on 5 May, a year before the Impressionists mounted their first exhibition. William-Adolphe Bouguereau, (born November 30, 1825, La Rochelle, France—died August 19, 1905, La Rochelle), French painter, a dominant figure in his nation’s academic painting during the second half of the 19th century. He arrived in Paris aged 20 in March 1846. In 1839 he was sent to study the priesthood at a Catholic college in Pons. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in France and the United States, was given numerous official honors, and received top prices for his work. [12] Three paintings were shown at the 1863 Salon and Holy Family (Now at Chimei Museum) was sold to Napoleon III, who presented it to his wife the Empress Eugénie, who hung it in her Tuileries apartment. He also made reductions of his public paintings for sale to patrons, of which The Annunciation (1888) is an example. [5], Bouguereau flourished after his Villa Medici residence. "[28], Bouguereau fell into disrepute after 1920, due in part to changing tastes. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter associated with Academic art and the Realist movement.