There were decorations for the chapel at Saint-Clotilde. [7], The young artist entered the Prix de Rome contest in April 1848. After an unsuccessful attempt to win the prize, he entered again in 1849. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: [wiljam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. He received the Legion of Honour on 12 July 1859. At the age of 12, Bouguereau went to Mortagne to stay with his … [5] Throughout the course of his lifetime, he is known to have painted at least 822 paintings. Artist William Adolphe Bouguereau Title The Bathers Origin France Date 1884 Medium Oil on canvas Inscriptions Inscribed lower left: W. Bouguereau 1884 Dimensions 200.7 × 128.9 cm (79 × 50 3/4 in.) Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. There was an outpouring of grief in the town of his birth. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wiljam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Save 8% on 2 select item(s) FREE Shipping. [18] He began to teach drawing at the Académie Julian[19] in 1875, a co-ed art institution independent of the École des Beaux-Arts, with no entrance exams and nominal fees. He also gained wide fame in Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Romania and in the United States, and commanded high prices. At 12 the boy went to Mortagne to stay with his uncle Eugène, a priest, and developed a love of nature, religion and literature. [16] Paul Gauguin loathed him, rating him a round zero in Racontars de Rapin and later describing in Avant et après (Intimate Journals) the single occasion when Bouguereau made him smile on coming across a couple of his paintings in an Arles' brothel, "where they belonged".[24][25]. An early reviewer stated, "M. Bouguereau has a natural instinct and knowledge of contour. The exhibition opened at the Musée du Petit-Palais, in Paris, traveled to The Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, and concluded in Montréal. His son Paul contracted tuberculosis in early 1899; Paul, his stepmother, and Bouguereau went to Menton in the south. Bouguereau confessed in 1891 that the direction of his mature work was largely a response to the marketplace: "What do you expect, you have to follow public taste, and the public only buys what it likes. During several decades he taught drawing and painting to hundreds, if not thousands, of students. Once installed in the city in summer 1875 he began Pietà, one of his greatest religious paintings and shown at the 1876 Salon, in tribute to his son Georges. He was admitted to the studio of François-Édouard Picot, where he studied painting in the academic style. Authentic photogravure print on holland paper, dating to 1889, as published by the Salon de Paris. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. Index biographique des membres et associés de l'Académie royale de Belgique (1769–2005). WILLIAM ADOLPHE BOUGUEREAU (French, 1825-1905) Fishing For Frogs, 1882 Oil on canvas 54 x 42 inches (137.2 x 106.7 cm... Auction amount: $1,762,500 Sold: May 15, 2012 In 1854–55 he decorated a pavilion at the grand house of a cousin in Angoulins, including four large paintings of figures depicting the seasons. Soon after work began there were riots in Paris, and Bouguereau enrolled in the National Guard. At the behest of King William III of the Netherlands, Bouguereau went to Het Loo Palace in May 1876. Without the sun to illuminate his canvas he was depressed when he could do nought but wait. Many of them managed to establish artistic careers in their own countries, sometimes following his academic style, and in other cases, rebelling against it, like Henri Matisse. His reward was a three-year residence at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy, where in addition to formal lessons he was able to study first-hand the Renaissance artists and their masterpieces, as well as Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities. In 1839, he was sent to study for the priesthood at a Catholic college in Pons. In Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel The Sign of the Four (1890), the character Mr Sholto remarks, "there cannot be the least question about the Bouguereau. Throughout the course of his life, Bouguereau executed 822 known finished paintings, although the whereabouts of many are still unknown. [2] Throughout the course of his life, Bouguereau executed 822 known finished paintings, although the whereabouts of many are still unknown. William Bouguereau is unquestionably one of history's greatest artistic geniuses. A third child, Jeanne, was born 25 December 1861. (129.2 x 89.2 cm) Classification: Paintings. He married his most famous pupil, Elizabeth Jane Gardner, after the death of his first wife. Shepherds Find Zenobia on the Banks of the Araxes, Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium, "To Bouguereau, Art Was Strictly 'The Beautiful, "Musée d'Orsay: William Bouguereau Equality before Death", Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, Base Léonore, Archives Nationales, "Gauguin le rapin: ""Racontars de rapin, suivi de Art de Papou & chant de Rossignoou"" et ""La lutte pour les peintres", "Gifted artist? [13] He also used some of the religious and erotic symbolism of the Old Masters, such as the "broken pitcher" which connoted lost innocence. Degas and his associates used the term "Bouguereauté" in a derogatory manner to describe any artistic style reliant on "slick and artificial surfaces",[23] also known as a licked finish. Although Bouguereau spent most of his life in Paris, he returned to La Rochelle again and again throughout his professional life. [27] Gold Rush tycoon James Ben Ali Haggin and his family, who normally eschewed the nude, made an exception for Bouguereau's Nymphaeum. When the stay was prolonged, the artist found a room in which to paint. [5], Bouguereau was an assiduous painter, often completing twenty or more easel paintings in a single year. Bouguereau received many honors from the Academy: he became a Life Member in 1876; received the Grand Medal of Honour in 1885;[17] was appointed Commander of the Legion of Honor in 1885; and was made Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour in 1905. Photo credit: York Museums Trust. Nonetheless, he succumbed to heart disease at the age of 79; in his hometown of La Rochelle on August 19, 1905. It was donated in 2002 to the Daughters of Mary Mother of Our Savior, an order of nuns affiliated with Clarence Kelly's Traditionalist Catholic Society of St. Pius V. In 2009, the nuns sold it for $450,000 to an art dealer, who was able to sell it for more than $2 million. [12] Three paintings were shown at the 1863 Salon and Holy Family (Now at Chimei Museum) was sold to Napoleon III, who presented it to his wife the Empress Eugénie, who hung it in her Tuileries apartment. $9.99 $ 9. To supplement his formal training in drawing, he attended anatomical dissections and studied historical costumes and archeology. "[28], Bouguereau fell into disrepute after 1920, due in part to changing tastes. Bouguereau entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1846 and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1850. "[38], A Young Girl Defending Herself Against Eros (1880), Gabrielle Cot, daughter of Pierre Auguste Cot (1890). This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). Bouguereau found and borrowed twelve of his paintings from their owners, including his new work Nymphaeum.[5]. Yet, as we shall see, it was he who single handedly opened the French academies to women, and it was he who was arguably the grea… Working predominantly within the academic tradition, William-Adolphe Bouguereau earned a strong reputation in his lifetime as a painter of classic subjects, primarily that of the female nude, but his posthumous critical standing has often stood in contrast to his living success. [4] The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. Credit Line: Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887. [5], Bouguereau, painting within the traditional academic style, exhibited at the annual exhibitions of the Paris Salon for his entire working life. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in France and the United States, was given numerous official honors, and received top prices for his work. [5], Bouguereau flourished after his Villa Medici residence. Bouguereau's work controversial more than a century after his death", "Bouguereau & America at The San Diego Museum of Art", Catalogue illustré des œuvres de W. Bouguereau, William-Adolphe Bouguereau: The Complete Works, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William-Adolphe_Bouguereau&oldid=995987731, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1905: Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 22:59. Even if someone has a mild association with art or is into a casual conversation with an art enthusiast, Bouguereau… [3] Near the end of his life he described his love of his art: "Each day I go to my studio full of joy; in the evening when obliged to stop because of darkness I can scarcely wait for the next morning to come ... if I cannot give myself to my dear painting I am miserable. Soon after Nelly's death, she made Bouguereau swear he would not remarry within her lifetime. By August of that year, the family's permanent summer base was on the rue Verdière. He also studied classical literature, which influenced his subject choice for the rest of his career. Active during the Victorian Era, Bouguereau became one of the foremost French artists of his time. "[22], In the spring of 1905, Bouguereau's house and studio in Paris were burgled. He was revered in the town of his birth and undertook decorating commissions from local citizens. Bouguereau was a k… His painting of skin, hands, and feet was particularly admired. William Adolphe Bouguereau (French, 1825-1905) Le jour signed and dated 'W. His works were exemplary to the artists of the academies, and he was the figure the revolutionary artists (Matisse, Degas) attempted to topple. After a Mass at the cathedral, his body was placed on a train to Paris for a second ceremony. His paintings are characterized by their incredibly smooth surfaces and the masterfully executed human anatomy, with particular attention to the female body. Biography of William-Adolphe Bouguereau. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French academic painter. His third attempt commenced unsuccessfully in April 1850 with Dante and Virgil but five months later, he heard he had won a joint first prize for Shepherds Find Zenobia on the Banks of the Araxes. Recognizing his talent and after being encouraged by a friend, his father took him to the Paris-based Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Wlliam-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825-1905) French painter, a dominant figure in his nation’s Academic painting during the second half of the 19th century. The artist commenced several paintings here and completed them in his Paris studio. Published in conjunction with the Art Renewal Center; William Bouguereau (1825-1905) was a highly important and influential French academic painter, who taught a long succession of gifted students, primarily at the private Académie Julien in Paris. Oct 15, 2019 - Explore Cindy Wiltermood's board "William adolphe bouguereau", followed by 210 people on Pinterest. [30] In 1984, the Borghi Gallery hosted a commercial show of 23 oil paintings and one drawing. In Rêverie, Bouguereau depicts a young girl, seated on rocky steps, barefooted and gazing directly at the viewer. In 1926, American art historian Frank Jewett Mather criticized the commercial intent of Bouguereau's work, writing that the artist "multiplied vague, pink effigies of nymphs, occasionally draped them, when they became saints and madonnas, painted on the great scale that dominates an exhibition, and has had his reward. Cupid and Psyche 1845–1850. [14], Bouguereau received many commissions to decorate private houses and public buildings, and, early on, this added to his prestige and fame. Academic painting placed the highest status on historical and mythological subjects and Bouguereau won the coveted Prix de Rome at age 26 in 1850, with his Zenobia Found by Shepherds on the Banks of the Araxes. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter associated with Academic art and the Realist movement. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1832. Sources on his full name are contradictory: it is sometimes given as William-Adolphe Bouguereau (composed name), William Adolphe Bouguereau (usual and civil-only names according to the French tradition), while in other occasions it appears as Adolphe William Bouguereau (with Adolphe as the usual name). Nymphs and Satyr (French: Nymphes et un satyre) is a painting, oil on canvas, created by artist William-Adolphe Bouguereau in 1873.. Nymphs and Satyr was exhibited in Paris at the 1873 Salon, which opened on 5 May, a year before the Impressionists mounted their first exhibition. The family was installed in 1868, together with five servants and with his mother, Adeline, visiting daily. Following 106 days of competition, he again failed to win. Paul died at his father's house in April 1900, aged 32; Bouguereau had outlived four of his five children, only Henriette outlived him. 1art1 William-Adolphe Bouguereau Poster - The First Kiss, 1882 (36 x 24 inches) $17.86 $ 17. Painted in 1884. There he met a local artist, Charles Marionneau, and commenced at the Municipal School of Drawing and Painting in November 1841. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, … [20], In 1856, William began living with one of his models, Nelly Monchablon, a 19-year-old from Lisle-en-Rigault. Artists William-Adolphe Bouguereau 1825–1905 French Summary. "[29], The New York Cultural Center staged a show of Bouguereau's work in 1974—partly as a curiosity, although curator Robert Isaacson had his eye on the long-term rehabilitation of Bouguereau's legacy and reputation. [3], William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. To others, he was a competent technician stuck in the past. In 1882, he decided that rather than rent he would purchase a house, as well as local farm buildings. That's why, with time, I changed my way of painting. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle. From the 1860s, Bouguereau was closely associated with the Académie Julian where he gave lessons and advice to art students, male and female, from around the world. Throughout his life, but moreso towards the end of his life, Bouguereau describes art as the one true happiness in his life. All were unsigned and only one has been traced. Notre Dame des Anges ("Our Lady of the Angels") was last shown publicly in the United States at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago in 1893. From the early 1870s, he and his family spent every summer in La Rochelle. Some were viewed by international collectors and bought before work had even finished. 86. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Réin 1832. Bouguereau was laid to rest with Nelly and his children at the family vault at Montparnasse Cemetery. He decorated a mansion with nine large paintings of allegorical figures. The idealized world of his paintings brought to life goddesses, nymphs, bathers, shepherdesses, and madonnas in a way that appealed to wealthy art patrons of the era. [2] In the 1980s, a revival of interest in figure painting led to a rediscovery of Bouguereau and his work. [9] Bouguereau's graceful portraits of women were considered very charming, partly because he could beautify a sitter while also retaining her likeness. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: [wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. [7] Comparing his work to that of his Realist and Impressionist contemporaries, Kenneth Clark faulted Bouguereau's painting for "lubricity", and characterized such Salon art as superficial, employing the "convention of smoothed-out form and waxen surface. Bouguereau reluctantly left his studies to return to his family, now residing in Bordeaux. [15] He was also a successful portrait painter and many of his paintings of wealthy patrons remain in private hands.[16]. He had an elder brother, Alfred, and a younger sister, Marie (known as Hanna), who died when she was seven. The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. Raphael was a favourite of Bouguereau and he took this review as a high compliment. This pastoral theme, almost always a single peasant girl in a landscape, became the subject matter for which the artist became most popular. He was happy to undertake other commissions to pay off the debts accrued in Italy and to help his penniless mother. He also studied classical literature, which influenced his subject choice for the rest of his career. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. From Clark Art Institute, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Nymphs and Satyr (1873), Oil on canvas, 102 1/2 × 72 in [11] Bouguereau's fame extended to England by the 1860s. Dante and Virgil in Hell (1850) was an early example of his neo-classical works. By this time, Bouguereau was turning away from history painting and lengthy commissions to work on more personal paintings, with realistic and rustic themes. See more ideas about william adolphe bouguereau, beautiful art, art painting. A fourth child, Adolphe (known as Paul), was born in October 1868. Bouguereau was a staunch traditionalist whose genre paintings and mythological themes were modern interpretations of Classical subjects, both pagan and Christian, with a concentration on the naked female form. Her hair is neatly tied up in a blue velvet ribbon, her … William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Their first child, Henriette, was born in April 1857; Georges was born in January 1859. His name was stricken from most history texts and when included it was only to blindly, degrade and disparage him and his work. (208.3 x 109.2 cm.) William-Adolphe Bouguereau, (born November 30, 1825, La Rochelle, France—died August 19, 1905, La Rochelle), French painter, a dominant figure in his nation’s academic painting during the second half of the 19th century. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. "[33] The exhibition later was scheduled to travel to the Memphis Brooks Museum of Art in Memphis, Tenn., and then to the San Diego Museum of Art.[34]. In mourning, the couple went to La Rochelle, and Bouguereau made a painting of her in 1868. Title is " La lecon " Artist is W. Bouguereau. Here he was taught to draw and paint by Louis Sage, who had studied under Ingres. In the same year a major exhibition was organized by the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in Canada. However, he used to sign his works simply as William Bouguereau (hinting "William" was his given name, whatever the order), or more precisely as "W.Bouguereau.date" (French alphabet) and later as "W-BOVGVEREAV-date" (Latin alphabet). [5], Bouguereau’s career was nearly a direct ascent with hardly a setback. Bouguereau spent the rest of his life here and at La Rochelle. In 1856, the Ministry of State for Fine Arts commissioned him to paint Emperor Napoleon III Visiting the Victims of the Tarascon Flood. In many of his works, he followed the same classical approach to composition, form, and subject matter. He arrived in Paris aged 20 in March 1846. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. For biographical notes and earlier works by Bouguereau see Part 1. He was soon the best pupil in his class and decided to become an artist in Paris. 99. [7], Along with other category winners, he set off for Rome in December and finally arrived at the Villa Medici in January 1851. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. [2] As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. [5], When Bouguereau arrived in Paris in March 1846, he resided at the Hotel Corneille at 5 rue Corneille. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. Although he had a strong admiration for all traditional art, he particularly revered Greek sculpture, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Rubens and Delacroix. Medium: Oil on canvas. [21] His wife continued to work as his private secretary, and helped to organize the household staff. Most art historians now consider him a romantic realist. William reluctantly left his studies to return to his family, now residing in Bordeaux. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. At the age of 12, Bouguereau went to Mortagne to stay with his uncle Eugène, a priest and developed a love of nature, religion and literature. A. Munger Collection Reference Number 1901.458 Extended information about this artwork As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. In May 1878 the Paris Universal Exhibition opened to showcase French work. [5], Bather (1864), a shocking nude, was submitted to an exhibition in Ghent, Belgium. William-Adolphe Bouguereau Biography. Artist: William Bouguereau Title: Les Deux Baigneuses Medium: Fine Art Reproduction Giclee on Canvas Image Size: Approximately 20 inches x 12.5 inches Unframed on Unstretched Canvas Biography: "William Bouguereau is unquestionably one of history's greatest artistic geniuses. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter, best known for his realist depictions of the human figure set within Neoclassical and rustic settings. See more ideas about william adolphe bouguereau, art painting, beautiful art. In 1855, after his stay in Rome, he lived at 27 rue de Fleurus, and the following year rented a fourth-floor studio at 3 rue Carnot, near his apartment. He had fulfilled one of the requirements of the Prix de Rome by completing an old-master copy of Raphael's The Triumph of Galatea. Bouguereau explored the city, making sketches and watercolours as he went. One of the leading 19th-century French painters working in the academic tradition, William-Adolphe Bouguereau produced scenes taken from classical, mythological, and biblical subjects, focusing primarily on female figures: goddesses, bathers, nudes, and Madonnas. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825–1905) York Museums Trust (b La Rochelle, 30 Nov. 1825; d La Rochelle, 19 Aug. 1905). Bouguereau's works are in many public collections. In an 1872 letter, Degas wrote that he strove to emulate Bouguereau's ordered and productive working style, although with Degas' famous trenchant wit, and the aesthetic tendencies of the Impressionists, it is possible the statement was meant to be ironic. William Bouguereau, a world-renowned painter, lived from 1825 to 1905. [16] For example, Nymphs and Satyr was purchased first by John Wolfe, then sold by his heiress Catharine Lorillard Wolfe to hotelier Edward Stokes, who displayed it in New York City's Hoffman House Hotel. Provenance with Goupil & Cie., Paris (acquired directly from the artist). I am partial to the modern French school. The couple married quietly (for many assumed they were already wed) on 24 May 1866. As was typical of such commissions, he would sometimes paint in his own style, and at other times conform to an existing group style. By the early twentieth century, Bouguereau and his art fell out of favor with the public, due in part to changing tastes. It resulted in his commercial and financial success and Bouguereau died a very rich man in 1905. In The King in Yellow, by Robert W. Chambers, he is mentioned in various tales as a teacher at the École des Beaux-Arts. However, even during his lifetime, there was critical dissent in assessing his work; the art historian Richard Muther wrote in 1894 that Bouguereau was a man "destitute of artistic feeling but possessing a cultured taste [who] reveals... in his feeble mawkishness, the fatal decline of the old schools of convention." The eurythmie of the human body preoccupies him, and in recalling the happy results which, in this genre, the ancients and the artists of the sixteenth century arrived at, one can only congratulate M. Bouguereau in attempting to follow in their footsteps ... Raphael was inspired by the ancients ... and no one accused him of not being original."[8]. Bouguereau 84' (lower left) oil on canvas 82 x 43 in. Study for the ceiling of the Bordeaux Opera, by William Adolphe Bouguereau, French, c. 1859, oil on paper on canvas - Middlebury College Museum of Art - Middlebury, VT - … Dante and Virgil in Hell (1850) was an early example of his great, Neo-Classical works. Still based in Rome and working hard on course work, there were more explorations of Italy in 1852. I am convinced that the nude of Bouguereau was prearranged to meet the ideals of a New York stockbroker of the black walnut generation." The master and teacher Buguereau here stands proudly in his studio, surrounded by his angelic creations. In the 1980s, a revival of interest in figure painting led to a rediscovery of Bouguereau and his work. Yet in the past century, his reputation and unparalleled accomplishments have undergone a libelous, dishonest, relentless and systematic assault of immense proportions. After his mother's death, and after a nineteen-year engagement, he and Gardner married in Paris in June 1896. [10] Thanks to Durand-Ruel, Bouguereau met Hugues Merle, who later often was compared to Bouguereau. [21], The artist planned to marry Elizabeth Jane Gardner, a pupil whom he had known for ten years, but his mother was opposed to the idea. His uncle supported him and offered him jobs to create portraits for parishioners. He arrived in Paris aged 20 in March 1846. He also made reductions of his public paintings for sale to patrons, of which The Annunciation (1888) is an example. [2] By the early twentieth century, Bouguereau and his art fell out of favor with the public, due in part to changing tastes. [31][32], In 2019, the Milwaukee Art Museum assembled more than 40 of Bouguereau's paintings for a major retrospective of his work, which according to the Wall Street Journal, asked the readers to "see Bouguereau through the eyes of an age when he was lionized, and Impressionism was dismissed as 'French freedom.'